1.2.2 Content of provincial authority

As cultural policy documents of the provinces refer to mediation of the arts and culture [Kunst- und Kulturvermittlung], it can be said that there is an increasing interest among the provinces in the topic. Often, they refer to it in an indirect way: the Styrian Law for example speaks of the 'construction and the maintenance of cultural and educational centres as cultural meeting places' [kulturelle Begegnungsstätten] (Steiermärkischer Landtag 2005, p. 1).

Most official cultural policy documents do not go into detail about medium long or long-term planning. Some of the intentions can be detected implicitly when going through the existing cultural reports [Kulturberichte] which annually give an overview of the cultural policy measures carried out in the respective provinces. None of them disclose cultural education [Kulturvermittlung] as a priority, Yet, there are many examples of good practice in each province.As one of the bigger provinces Upper Austria has developed a cultural mission statement in the last years which includes a number of references to cultural education. As one of the exceptions Upper Austria in this mission statement formulates cultural education as a relevant policy issue. For example, the chapter 'Mediation of Arts and Culture as an Educational Mandate' mentions a cultural policy commitment for educational and cultural institutions to provide arts and culture education (Amt der oberösterreichischen Landesregierung, 2008).Cultural education is here explicitly formulated as an issue in school as well as out of school:'The examination of culture and the arts in educational institutions does not only bring out key competences like critical thinking, language skills, creativity, proactive behaviour and problem-solving, it also contributes to the development of aesthetic, ethic and holistic self-development, for example through the encounter with culture and the arts in libraries, museums or music schools. Thereby, cultural education in pre-school and early childhood education should receive increased attention.' (Amt der oberösterreichischen Landesregierung, 2008, p. 22)Subsequent to the chapter "Perspectives, Measures and Project Suggestions" the mission statement of Upper Austria argues for

  • increased interdisciplinary cooperation as regards cultural education between kindergartens, schools and out-of-school organisations;
  • promotion of instruction and further education of kindergarten pedagogues and elementary school teachers in arts and cultural mediation;
  • stimulation of creative processes in children and young people by supporting projects in theatre and museum pedagogy and offering exhibitions in all education and cultural institutions;
  • the further development of the Upper Austrian Reading Initiative 'Reading Network' with the aim to secure and sustain reading competences;
  • actions to promote dialects and folklore music in schools and families by way of workshops during school trips or holiday programmes with a folkloristic focus;
  • the development of libraries as centres of learning and meeting places, as event locations and locations for cultural mediation by gradually equipping libraries with media centres and internet;
  • the development of a 'cultural education map' showing institutions for cultural education and serving as an internet platform;
  • enhanced public presentation of library collections through the creation of an internet portal for Upper Austrian libraries and by supporting the further development of a library network on the basis of existing structures. (Amt der oberösterreichischen Landesregierung, 2008, p. 33-34)

Most of these points are up to now declarations of intent and have not yet been evaluated.Exception ViennaVienna is an exceptional case as it holds a threefold role as the capital of Austria, a provincial state and a city. Thereby, the municipal administration and the provincial administration [Magistratsabteilungen] very much amount to the same thing. The cultural department of the city/province of Vienna does not have a separate sub department for arts and cultural education. Yet there are other sub departments (for visual arts, music, performing arts, film/cinema/media, etc) that administer grants for arts education projects within the framework of their competences.At least two other departments are important for arts and cultural education: the Vienna School Board [Stadtschulrat], administering the municipal schools (primary schools and lower non-academic secondary schools [Hauptschulen]), and the department for adult education and out-of-school youth work. The latter department runs initiatives such as wienXtra, a youth culture service offering creative and artistic activities to youth groups, families, social profit organisations, clubs, schools and kindergartens. WienXtra cooperates with more than 300 partner organisations in Vienna.wienXtraThe Association of Viennese Youth Centres [Verein Wiener Jugendzentren][Jugendzentrum] is a non-governmental organisation, but mainly supported financially by the municipality of Vienna. The main part of the annual budget is decided year by year by the Vienna City Council. They run training courses, especially in creativity (drama, dance, music) and organise events, especially in the fields of music and sport. They also have their own centre for fine arts [Musisches Zentrum].Verein Wiener JugendzentrenMusisches ZentrumOther important players in the city's arts and cultural education infrastructure are institutions that receive most of their funding through Vienna municipality, such as the zoom children's museum, the Dschungel children's theatre and the public library with its main building and the district branches. The department for adult education and out-of-school youth work runs the city's adult education centres [Volkshochschule], where adult education programmes take place.Zoom children's museumDschungel children's theatrePublic libraries Vienna VolkshochschulenMany cultural institutions in Vienna targeted at children and young people are actually co-funded by several public authorities: for example the Theater der Jugend, which is co-funded by the Federal  Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture, the City of Vienna and the province of Burgenland.Theater der JugendTo give citizens with lower incomes easier access to culture, the Schauspielhaus Vienna and the Poverty Conference have initiated the concept of 'cultural passport' [Hunger auf Kunst und Kultur]. This is sponsored by the municipal cultural department as well as by private and corporate sponsors.Hunger auf Kunst und Kultur'Cash for Culture' was initiated in 2008 and is a collaboration of municipal departments and Viennese non-profit-organisations. The programme helps creative young citizens aged 13-20 to realise their ideas with up to 1000 Euro.Cash for culture