Cultural education policy: Quick facts about Austria

Political system

Austria is a federal democratic republic and comprises nine independent Federal Provinces: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg and Vienna.

Major political institutions*

The Austrian Parliament consists of two legislative chambers: the 'Nationalrat' and the 'Bundesrat'. The head of state is the Federal President (Bundespräsident), who is directly elected by popular vote. The chairman of the Federal Government is the Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler), who is appointed by the president.

The coursts - legislative, executive and constitutional - are the third column of Austrian state powers, the Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof) being the most important.

Other levels of government are the nine independent Federal Provinces with their own regional parliaments and governments; amd the communities as the lowest level, again with their own parliaments and governments.

Education and cultural policy**

The Austrian Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture is reponsible for education and coordinates the development of cultural policy. The minister provides political and strategic leadership.

The Federal Constitution Act I [Bundesverfassungsgesetz I] of 1920 states that school legislation and its implementation rest with the federal government. Certain regulation and the implementation of laws may, however, be delegated to individual provincial governments. These tasks are taken over by the federal school authorities within the individual provinces, i.e. the Regional Education Board at provincial level and the District Education Board at the level of the political districts.

Capital Vienna
Seat of Government Vienna
Official language(s) German
Population***

8.355.260

Population density 99,6 inhabitants/km²
Age groups**** <20         21,2 %
20-64      61,5 %
65-74        9,3 %
>75           7,9 %
Immigrants 00 %

   * Source: Wikipedia
  ** Source: Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultuur
 *** Source: Eurostat (for the year 2009)
**** Source: Statistik Austria

Quick Links

Austrian Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture