3.2 Programmes/incentives policies and funding

Subsidies

Basically funding of non-formal education has different sources and is used for infrastructure or temporary projects. Excellent or innovative projects are sometimes awarded with prizes in different categories.

Funding by federal government bodies

There is no legal obligation for the government to fund non-formal education, but the Adult Education Promotion Act (1973) expresses the willingness to provide funding.

The Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture puts big emphasis on arts and cultural education in the formal education system. On top, it allocates grants for non-formal cultural education, including adult education, libraries, regional cultural initiatives, regional cultural centres. Besides, the ministry supports multi- and inter-cultural activities.
(Source: Bundesgesetz Nr. 171/1973)

Cultural institutions and associations of amateur art [Amateurkunst] can apply for annual funding (funding of infrastructure) or funding for single projects at one of the 7 departments of the Arts division in the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, according to their artistic subject.

The Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture [Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultur] together with the Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management [Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwissenschaft (Lebensministerium)] promotes projects on sustainable development taking place in and out of schools. The topics concerned include cultural diversity. Projects shall open up innovative methods for learning and teaching [Bildungsförderungsfonds für Gesundheit und Nachhaltige Entwicklung].
(Source: umweltbildung.at)

Funding by provincial governments

The provincial governments fund adult education centres, libraries, projects of cultural initiatives, music schools [Musikschule], extracurricular activities for young people and associations of folk culture [Volkskultur] through their cultural and education budgets.
Provincial governments also fund extracurricular activities for young people (according to the youth promotion acts) aiming at the development of creativity, youth culture, art and media projects, youth theatre and literature (e.g. Steiermark).
(Source: jugendreferat.steiermark.at)

Funding by local authorities

Bigger and smaller communities fund urban cultural institutions and allocate subsidies for art and culture, libraries and adult education and for local museums.

Prizes and Competitions

In 2008 the Austrian National Adult Education Prize [Österreichischer Staatspreis für Erwachsenenbildung] was re-launched and now awards adult educators, innovation, scientific achievements or intercultural programmes.

Prizes and competitions in youth culture are a good way to support innovation and good practice. Steiermark, Tirol, Salzburg, Wien and Niederösterreich offer prizes for innovative and excellent projects, institutions or deserving staff members in Adult Education.

The competition on youth culture Kalliope in Kärnten was conceived for young people aged from 16 to 27 who have developed self-contained project ideas in different spheres (sports, media, music etc.). In Vorarlberg a project competition on youth culture is awarded with an annual prize for local and interregional projects with neighbouring regions in Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

Subsidy programmes

Access to culture

In 2007, the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture started a structural programme for Federal museums [Museumspolitische Initiative] to promote innovation and easier access to cultural institutions especially for children and youth (e.g. free admission up to the age of 19 since 1 January 2010).

Libraries

In 2011, the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture launched new funding regulations for the 1,500 public libraries in Austrian communities.

Creativity and Innovation

In the course of the European Year on Creativity and Innovation [Europäisches Jahr der Kreativität und Innovation] 2009 a number of innovative projects were implemented all over the country.

Budget figures

Arts and cultural education is included in the total cultural budget and part of the assignment of publicly funded cultural institutions. It is impossible to quantify the sum spent exclusively on this function, let alone the sum spent on non-formal cultural education.

On average, the communities, provinces and the national government each contribute a third of the culture budget, which includes the budget for non-formal cultural education. There are no comprehensive figures available, since only a few cities publish culture reports.

In 2008 all public expenses by administrative units on culture sum up to 2.29 billion EUR, this is 0.81% of the GDP. The federal government spent 766 million EUR, all 9 provinces together 930 m EUR (excluding the capital Wien it was 723 m EUR). Minus inter-governmental transfers, the percentage of the GDP is 0.26% for the federal, 0.30% for the Bundesländer and 0.25% provinces excluding Wien. This makes 274 EUR per capita spent on culture.

Public expenditure

26% of the cultural budget was allocated for Education and Further Education (215.35 m EUR by the federal government, 248.87 m EUR by the provinces and 191.39 m EUR by communities). At community level, 15% of the cultural budget was assigned to cultural initiatives including infrastructure, 8% to music, 4.1% to libraries and 3.4% to folk culture.

The total expenditure for education in the same year (2008) was 15.09 billion EUR. In 2006 (latest available figures) 9.4 m were allocated to adult education alone.

In 2009 the total budget of all public bodies was 175.6 billion EUR. The share of the national government was 66.2%, provinces excluding Wien 16.3%, Wien 6.4%, communities 9.7% and community associations 1.4%. The 2009/2010 budget for art and culture was increased by a total of EUR 50 m to EUR 438 m.

Percentage of all government expenditure in the category Leisure time, Sports, Culture and Religion were decreasing from 2.2% in 2007 to 2.0% in 2009. Expenditure on Education (total) slightly increased from 10.7 (2007) to 11.1% in 2009.
(Source: statistik.at)

Provinces

The provinces spent in total 929.79 m for culture. The sum ranges between 17.94 (Burgenland, smallest province with 80,082 inhabitants) and 276.57 (Wien, the capital with 1,661.206 inhabitants).

On average, in 2008 each province spent 112 EUR per capita on culture, 165 EUR (Wien), 64 EUR Burgenland, Vorarlberg 126 EUR and Tirol 116 EUR.
(Source: Kulturausgaben der Länder und Gemeinden, 2008)

Communities

All communities together spent 722.69 m EUR on culture; this is on average 109 EUR per capita. The community of Salzburg e.g. spent 7.06% of all public expenditure on culture (subsidies and tangible expenses), i.e. 31.4 m EUR.
(Source: Kultur 2009, Salzburg)

For smaller communities no detailed figures are available.

Budget categories

It is difficult to identify the sum spent on non-formal education activities. Courses, seminars and other educational provision are financed from different budget categories. To show the relation, see the total sums for relevant categories below:

Nine different umbrella organisations of folk culture activities receive funding for their infrastructure by the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture. It was 259,000 EUR all together in 2009.

Budget Category

Expenditure % of the total cultural budget by provincial and local authorities (rounded)

 

Burgen-land

Kärnten

Salz-burg

Steier-mark

Tirol

Vorarl-berg

Wien

Total/
average

Total cultural budget (m EUR)

Province

17.94

61.38

118.48

171.21

52.78

103.36

81.68

46.31

276.57

929.71

Communities

8.85

41.60

172.00

134.37

62.11

171.01

82.91

49.84

-

722.69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Folk culture (%)

2.2

5.4

2.1

1.6

3.2

2.3

5.2

1.5

-

2.2

= in m EUR

0.58

5.04

5.71

4.65

3.58

5.87

7.86

1.20

-

34.49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Libraries (%)

1.5

1.1

2.2

3.4

4.0

3.3

1.3

9.0

6.7

3.7

= in m EUR

0.41

1.00

5.79

9.85

4.40

8.32

2.03

7.15

18.65

57.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adult educat. (%)

0.9

0.5

0.9

-

2.2

-

2.5

-

-

0.9

= in m EUR

0.18

0.16

1.16

-

1.37

-

2.07

-

-

4.96

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cultural centres & initiatives (%)

12.4

8.8

9.6

8.9

4.6

10.6

10.7

17.9

12.7

10.4

= in m EUR

3.30

8.25

25.80

25.42

5.09

26. 86

16.19

14.18

35.04

160.12

Source: Kulturausgaben der Länder und Gemeinden 2008

It must be mentioned that in non-formal education participants have to cover part of the costs by attendance fees.