2.6 Cultural Education in Teacher Training

2.6.1. Government regulations and measures for arts and cultural education in teacher training

The Austrian government places clear signals both in general teacher training courses and in its art-cultural segment: The proposal for an EU year of innovation and creativity goes back to an Austrian initiative. (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2008, 3).

The government has formulated those aims and measures for the area of arts and cultural education that were inspired and set out in the UNESCO and European Union strategy documents:

"The promotion of an awareness of the positive value of cultural diversity through education and an improvement of the curriculum and teacher education" from the guidelines of the UNESCO declaration on cultural diversity. (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2002 and 2006, 7).

The "Strategic Annual Plan 2008 of the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture" [Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultur] (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2008) follows the 2008-2010 working plan in the area of culture. Efforts towards „synergy between culture and education" include strategic measures for the training of art teachers and not least the "Cultural Network" project, to which the current contribution is to be counted. (Minichbauer, 2009, 12; see also http://www.bmukk.gv.at/europa/eukultur/kulturagenda.xml)

The "Strategic Annual Plan 2010 of the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture" (2010 c) follows the "conclusions of the council of 12 May 2009 on the strategic framework for European collaboration in the area of general and vocational education (ET 2020)" in the "promotion of teacher mobility" for the purpose of "learning periods abroad" as a norm as well as measures for a working „knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation" and the reform of teacher education. (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2010 c, 2, 6 and 13 respectively. Information from the Institutions and Bodies of the European Union, 2009, C119/3 f)

The Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture has already created a new office with the task of "developing concrete measures to better anchor the promotion of culture in university colleges of education" (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2007a 2). This initiative anticipates the aim of the European Union's Culture Working Plan 2011-2014 that the artistic and cultural education of teachers should include competences to collaborate on the culture-promoting "role of public art and cultural institutions".   (Information from the Institutions and Bodies of the European Union, 2010)

Through the implementation of the "Diversity and Cooperation" focal point in cultural education in Austria, the government opens up this meaning for discussion for teacher education and works on a "new teaching and learning culture"  taking into account previously neglected aesthetic forms of expression in current school development" (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2007b, 13 f).

The Austrian tertiary education system is in an understandable state of flux between undergraduate teacher education and graduate teacher education.  The expert report Undergraduate teacher education NEW has been produced.
(Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2010 a)

The Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture and for Science and Research have called for an open debate. The arts and music universities have joined the open debate.
(Compare: B. Putz-Plecko, 2010 and the working party for music pedagogical subject areas in Austrian music universities, 2010)

Measures

The measures announced will also affect the arts and cultural education of undergraduate teachers:

  • An entrance procedure as standard and orientation aid for all applicants for teaching posts applies to the current diverse entry criteria for arts teacher training courses in secondary education 1.
  • The measure of having uniform and national standards and a framework for pre-service training and continuing professional development applies to the current diverse autonomous training models of institutions.
  • A common core for all teacher training courses in the initial phase of training raises the question of whether appropriate resources for a steadily increasing arts training course remain.
  • An extension of the Bachelor's degree programme from three to four years of study would help to extend the amount of time of arts teacher training courses.

The Stakeholder Conference of the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture and for Science and Research calls for a close integration of subject knowledge, subject specific didactics, pedagogy and (school-) practice and to add to the concept of the four pillars a fifth pillar in the arts and vocational area.
(Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2010 b, and the working party for music pedagogical subject areas in Austrian music universities, 2010)

The implementation of Undergraduate teacher education NEW is planned for 2013.
PädagogInnenbildung NEU

Government regulations and measures for arts and cultural education in teacher training

The Austrian government places clear signals both in general teacher training courses and in its art-cultural segment: The proposal for an EU year of innovation and creativity goes back to an Austrian initiative.
(Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2008, 3).

The government has formulated those aims and measures for the area of arts and cultural education that were inspired and set out in the UNESCO and European Union strategy documents:

  • The promotion of an awareness of the positive value of cultural diversity through education and an improvement of the curriculum and teacher education from the guidelines of the UNESCO declaration on cultural diversity.
    (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2002 and 2006, 7).
  • The Strategic Annual Plan 2008 of the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2008) follows the 2008-2010 working plan in the area of culture. Efforts towards 'synergy between culture and education' include strategic measures for the training of  art teachers and not least the "Cultural Network" project, to which the current contribution is to be counted.
    (Minichbauer, 2009, 12; see also Europäische Kulturagenda und EU-Arbeitsplan für Kultur 2011-2014)
  • The Strategic Annual Plan 2010 of the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture (2010 c) follows the conclusions of the council of 12 May 2009 on the strategic framework for European collaboration in the area of general and vocational education (ET 2020) in the promotion of teacher mobility for the purpose of learning periods abroad as a norm as well as measures for a working knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation and the reform of teacher education.
    (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2010 c, 2, 6 and 13 respectively. Information from the Institutions and Bodies of the European Union, 2009, C119/3 f)
  • The Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture has already created a new office with the task of developing concrete measures to better anchor the promotion of culture in university colleges of education.
    (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2007a 2).

    This initiative anticipates the aim of the European Union's Culture Working Plan 2011-2014 that the artistic and cultural education of teachers should include competences to collaborate on the culture-promoting role of public art and cultural institutions.
    (Information from the Institutions and Bodies of the European Union, 2010)

  • Through the implementation of the Diversity and Cooperation focal point in cultural education in Austria, the government opens up this meaning for discussion for teacher education and works on a new teaching and learning culture taking into account previously neglected aesthetic forms of expression in current school development.
    (Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, 2007b, 13 f).